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Tripterygion melanurum  Guichenot, 1850

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Tripterygion melanurum
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Tripterygiidae (Triplefin blennies) > Tripterygiinae
Etymology: Tripterygion: Greek, tres tria = three + Greek, pteron = wing, fin; diminutive (Ref. 45335).

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; demersal.   Subtropical; 40°N - 30°N, 1°E - 36°E

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 5.3 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4785); 4.5 cm NG (female)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 17 - 19; Dorsal soft rays (total): 10-13; Anal spines: 2; Anal soft rays: 22 - 25. Body permanently red in color, females and non-territorial males with marbled head; in territorial males black; slightly dark, vertical bars, often white spots and bars along back (Ref. 4785). Territorial males with prolonged rays in second dorsal (Ref. 4785).

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Mediterranean Sea: Balearic Islands (Spain), southern Sardinia, Algeria, Tunisia, Israel, Lebanon, Cyprus, and southern Turkey.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Adults inhabit dimly-lit areas, clinging to walls or ceilings (Ref. 4785). They feed on small invertebrates, especially harpacticoids (Ref. 4785). Eggs are hemispherical and covered with numerous sticky threads that anchor them in the algae on the nesting sites (Ref. 240). Larvae are planktonic which occur primarily in shallow, nearshore waters (Ref. 94114).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Several females lay eggs on substrate of males' territory, often on sponges; eggs are guarded by the male (Ref. 4785).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Fricke, Ronald | Collaborators

Zander, C.D., 1986. Tripterygiidae. p. 1118-1121. In P.J.P. Whitehead, M.-L. Bauchot, J.-C. Hureau, J. Nielsen and E. Tortonese (eds.) Fishes of the North-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean, . UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 3. (Ref. 4785)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | DORIS | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | iSpecies | National databases | Public aquariums | PubMed | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | uBio | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5625   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00933 (0.00299 - 0.02910), b=3.01 (2.76 - 3.26), based on LWR estimates for this Subfamily-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.5   ±0.37 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.