Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Siluriformes
(Catfish) > Loricariidae
(Armored catfishes) > Neoplecostominae
Etymology: Pareiorhaphis: Greek, pareia = jaw + Greek, rhaphis = needle (Ref. 45335). More on authors: Reis & Pereira.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; demersal. Temperate
South America: Brazilian drainages in rio Araranguá, rio Mapituba, rio Tres Forquilhas and rio Maquine in southern Santa Catarina and northeastern Rio Grande do Sul.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 3.4 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 32858)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 4 - 5. Extreme reduction of dermal plates on the dorsal surface of body, with just the ventral and mid-ventral rows normally developed; absence of dorsal-fin spinelet and nuchal plate; absence of the connecting bone and ligament between second dorsal-fin proximal radial and rib of sixth centrum; reduction of lateral line; loss of the infraorbital sensory canal; and absence of adipose fin (versus present in all species but H. vestigipinnis). Fourth branched ray of pelvic fin longest, reaching to middle of anal fin when depressed.
Occurs in small, shallow rivers with clear water and moderate to strong water current. Usually found among the bottom rocks and stones.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Ferraris, C.J. Jr., 2007. Checklist of catfishes, recent and fossil (Osteichthyes: Siluriformes), and catalogue of siluriform primary types. Zootaxa 1418:1-628. (Ref. 58032)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00447 (0.00174 - 0.01147), b=3.10 (2.87 - 3.33), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .