Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Cyprinidae
(Minnows or carps) > Labeoninae
Etymology: Labeo: Latin, labeo = one who has large lips (Ref. 45335); cylindricus: From the Latin cylindrus - cylinder, name refers to the cylindrical form of the body (Ref. 26192). More on author: Peters.
Environment / Climate / Range
Freshwater; benthopelagic; potamodromous (Ref. 51243); depth range 30 - 30 m. Tropical; 24°C - 28°C (Ref. 2059); 10°N - 28°S
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 25.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 94784); max. published weight: 900.00 g (Ref. 7248)
Vertebrae: 29 - 31. Lips plicate; dorsal fin concave with 9 to 10 branched rays; eyes in superolateral position; genital orifice very far from origin of anal fin; body cylindrical, slightly elongated; snout truncate with deep transverse furrow and fleshy appendix directed upwards (Ref. 26192). Dark lateral band present in young fish only.
Africa: within the drainage basins of the Zambezi, Limpopo, Incomati and Usutu-Pongolo Rivers. In the Congo Basin, its distribution is limited to the middle and upper regions (Ref. 26192). Also known from East African rivers and the region of the Cap; south through the Zambezi system (Ref. 7248).
Shoaling species (Ref. 94784). Occurs in both sediment-free and sediment-rich rocky biotopes; favors clear, running waters in rocky habitats of small and large rivers, also found in lakes and dams over rocky areas; feeds on diatoms and other small algae from the rocks (Ref. 5595). Also feeds on `aufwuchs' from the surface of rocks, tree trunks and other firm surfaces; migrates upstream in masses to breed, using the mouth & broad pectorals to climb damp surfaces of barrier rocks & weirs (Ref. 7248). Ref. 2801 gives a max. length of 400mm SL.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Reid, G.M., 1985. A revision of African species of Labeo (Pisces: Cyprinidae) and a re-definition of the genus. Verlag von J. Cramer, Braunschweig. 322 p. (Ref. 1440)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: commercial; aquarium: commercial
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01023 (0.00567 - 0.01848), b=3.03 (2.88 - 3.18), based on LWR estimates for species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 2.0 ±0.00 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (40 of 100) .