Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Syngnathiformes
(Pipefishes and seahorses) > Syngnathidae
(Pipefishes and seahorses) > Hippocampinae
Etymology: Hippocampus: Greek, ippos = horse + Greek,kampe = curvature (Ref. 45335). More on author: Castelnau.
Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; brackish; demersal; non-migratory; depth range 1 - 25 m (Ref. 30915). Tropical
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 13.0  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 20.0 cm OT male/unsexed; (Ref. 30915)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Eastern Indian Ocean: southwest Australia. International trade is monitored through a licensing system (CITES II, since 5.15.04) and a minimum size of 10 cm applies.
Found on edge of rocky areas, muddy bottom and areas of high sediment load; jetty piles and moorings; often associated with sponges or sea squirts or attached to man-made objects; moves to deeper waters in winter. Ovoviviparous (Ref. 205). The male carries the eggs in a brood pouch which is found under the tail (Ref. 205). This species manifested evidence of genetically monogamous character in seahorses (Ref. 59213). Site fidelity is observed during breeding season (Ref. 59213). Length type refers to height (= TL - head length) (Ref. 30915).
Gestation period 2-3 weeks, depending on water temperature. This species manifested evidence of genetically monogamous character in seahorses (Ref. 59213). Monogamous mating is observed as both obligate and genetic (Ref. 52881). Site fidelity is observed during breeding season (Ref. 59213). Male carries the eggs in a brood pouch (Ref. 205).
Lourie, S.A., A.C.J. Vincent and H.J. Hall, 1999. Seahorses: an identification guide to the world's species and their conservation. Project Seahorse, London. 214 p. (Ref. 30915)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00427 (0.00164 - 0.01111), b=3.00 (2.78 - 3.22), based on LWR estimates for this Subfamily-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Fec = 200-700).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (13 of 100) .