Latimeria menadoensis  Pouyaud, Wirjoatmodjo, Rachmatika, Tjakrawidjaja, Hadiaty & Hadie, 1999

Sulawesi coelacanth
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Latimeria menadoensis
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Sarcopterygii (lobe-finned fishes) > Coelacanthiformes (Coelacanths) > Latimeriidae (Gombessa)
Etymology: Latimeria: Taken from Miss Courtenay Latimer worker in the East London Musuem; she contributed to the update of the fish (Coelacanth, Latimeria chalumnae). Chalumnae = the name of river Chalumna in South Africa, where the "first" Coelacanth was found (Ref. 45335).

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; demersal; non-migratory, usually 150 - ? m (Ref. 33470).   Deep-water; 17°C - 20°C (Ref. 33470)

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 140 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 33470)

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Western Central Pacific: Celebes Sea, north of Sulawesi. Also Ref. 33470. International trade banned (CITES Appendix I, since 19.7.2000).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Presumably on rocky slopes in deep water of 150-200 m. Fricke et al. (Ref. 33470) observed two specimens of 120 and 140 cm length in a deep carbonate cave at a depth of 155 m (water temp. 17.8-20.1°C).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Pouyaud, L., S. Wirjoatmodjo, I. Rachmatika, A. Tjakrawidjaja, R. Hadiaty and W. Hadie, 1999. Une nouvelle espèce de coelacanthe: preuves génétiques et morphologiques: A new species of coelacanth. Comptes Rendus de l'Académie des Sciences - Series III - Sciences de la Vie 322(4):261-267. (Ref. 30889)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)

  Vulnerable (VU) (C2a(ii); D2)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: of no interest
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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | iSpecies | PubMed | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | uBio | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 1.2539   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01175 (0.00472 - 0.02924), b=3.03 (2.82 - 3.24), based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)Family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  4.5   ±0.62 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Very Low, minimum population doubling time more than 14 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  High to very high vulnerability (74 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.