Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Cichlidae
(Cichlids) > Pseudocrenilabrinae
Etymology: Serranochromis: Latin, serra = saw + Greek, chromis = a fish, perhaps a perch (Ref. 45335).
Environment / Climate / Range
Freshwater; demersal. Tropical; 11°S - 21°S
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 20.0, range 18 - 22.5 cm
Max length : 41.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 7248); max. published weight: 2.5 kg (Ref. 5693); max. reported age: 9 years (Ref. 7248)
Africa: Cunene River system (Angola and Namibia), Okavango River, upper Zambezi, and Kafue Rivers (Angola, Namibia, Botswana, Zambia, Zimbabwe), and Luapula-Moeru (Congo River system) in Democratic Republic of the Congo and Zambia.
Also caught with drawnets. Occurs in well-vegetated swamps and along the edges of rivers. Also occurs in fast-flowing reaches over sand and rocks. Feeds on small fish, shrimps and insects. A mouthbrooding species which breeds in spring (Ref. 6465).
Skelton, P.H. and G.G. Teugels, 1991. Serranochromis. p. 442-453. In J. Daget, J.-P. Gosse, G.G. Teugels and D.F.E. Thys van den Audenaerde (eds.) Check-list of the freshwater fishes of Africa (CLOFFA). ISNB, Brussels; MRAC, Tervuren; and ORSTOM, Paris. Vol. 4.
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: commercial; aquaculture: commercial; gamefish: yes; aquarium: commercial
CollaboratorsPicturesStamps, CoinsSoundsCiguateraSpeedSwim. typeGill areaOtolithsBrainsVision
Estimates of some properties based on empirical models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5005 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01290 (0.00734 - 0.02268), b=3.00 (2.85 - 3.15), based on LWR estimates for species & Subfamily-BS (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 4.5 ±0.80 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (K=0.10-0.65; tm=3; tmax=8.50).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (25 of 100) .