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Hippichthys heptagonus  Bleeker, 1849

Belly pipefish
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Image of Hippichthys heptagonus (Belly pipefish)
Hippichthys heptagonus
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Syngnathiformes (Pipefishes and seahorses) > Syngnathidae (Pipefishes and seahorses) > Syngnathinae
Etymology: Hippichthys: Greek, ippos = horse + Greek, ichthys = fish (Ref. 45335).   More on author: Bleeker.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; brackish; demersal.   Tropical; 29°N - 12°S

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?, range 8 - 8 cm
Max length : 15.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5316)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 22-30. Preserved color dusky greenish gray; underside of head whitish; ventral keel and caudal fin blackish. Body: trunk heptagonal; very long tail 4-sided; covered with finely-sculptured plates with fine ridges; knife-like keel on the belly made up of sculptured plates. Head conical posteriorly; large elongate snout very narrow with concave plates; operculum with prominent median longitudinal keel; nape with a median crest. Dorsal fin only at the first 6 rings of tail; pectoral and caudal fins small.

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Africa, Asia and Oceania: South Africa and Kenya to the Solomon Islands and in some Philippine lakes.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Common in the lower reaches of rivers and streams, and in estuarine habitats. Ovoviviparous (Ref. 205, 44894). Occurs in mangrove estuaries and tidal creeks (Ref. 44894). The male carries the eggs in a brood pouch which is found under the tail (Ref. 205). Male matures at 7.5-8.0 cm SL.

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Dawson, C.E., 1985. Indo-Pacific pipefishes (Red Sea to the Americas). The Gulf Coast Research Laboratory Ocean Springs, Mississippi, USA.

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: of no interest; aquarium: commercial
FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Estimates of some properties based on empirical models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5156   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=-3.31000 (nan - nan), b=3.12 (2.92 - 3.32), based on LWR estimates for this Subfamily-BS (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.4   ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (18 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.