Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Osmeriformes
(Smelts) > Alepocephalidae
Etymology: Alepocephalus: Greek, alepos, alepidotos = without scales + Greek, kephale = head (Ref. 45335). More on author: Risso.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathydemersal; depth range 300 - 2250 m (Ref. 28822). Deep-water; 64°N - 17°S, 22°W - 22°E (Ref. 57317)
Eastern Atlantic: northeast Atlantic and western Mediterranean to Cape Verde (Ref. 4736); Morocco to Cameroon, then from Angola to Namibia (Ref. 4460).
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 27.7  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 50.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4460); max. reported age: 23 years (Ref. 32893)
Found over soft bottoms (Ref. 4736). Feeds on pelagic crustaceans like euphausiids, decapods and mysids (Ref. 27637).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Markle, D.F., 1981. Family Alepocephalidae. In W. Fischer, G. Bianchi and W.B. Scott (eds.) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Eastern Central Atlantic; fishing areas 34, 47 (in part). Department of Fisheries and Oceans Canada and FAO. vols. 1-7. pag. var. (Ref. 2719)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of no interest
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 4.5 - 13.5, mean 8.5 (based on 237 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00316 (0.00187 - 0.00534), b=3.17 (3.01 - 3.33), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.7 ±0.2 se; Based on diet studies.
Generation time: 13.7 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median LN(3)/K based on 2 growth studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Very Low, minimum population doubling time more than 14 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High to very high vulnerability (70 of 100) .