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Macrognathus siamensis  (Günther, 1861)

Peacock eel
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Image of Macrognathus siamensis (Peacock eel)
Macrognathus siamensis
Picture by Baird, I.G.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Synbranchiformes (Spiny eels) > Mastacembelidae (Spiny eels)
Etymology: Macrognathus: Greek, makros = great + Greek, gnathos = jaw (Ref. 45335).

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; benthopelagic.   Tropical

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 30.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 30857)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 13 - 19; Dorsal soft rays (total): 53; Anal soft rays: 49; Vertebrae: 75. Distinguishable by its dorsal spine count of 13-19 and a series of 3-6 conspicuous ocelli along the base of the soft dorsal fin (Ref. 27732). The ocelli along the base of the dorsal fin are much larger than those in M. aral and the dorsal and caudal fins lack the fine striations seen in M. aral and M. meklongensis (Ref. 39392). Dorsal, caudal and anal fins not fused (Ref. 43281).

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions | Faunafri

Asia: Mekong, Chao Phraya (Ref. 43281), Maeklong, Peninsular and Southeast Thailand river systems (Ref. 26336).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Found at bottom depths in slow-moving or standing waters. Often lies buried in the silt, sand, or fine gravel with only a portion of its head protruding from the bottom (Ref. 12693). Enters flooded forest (Ref. 9497). Emerges at dusk to forage for food. Feeds on benthic insect larvae, crustaceans, and worms (Ref. 12693). Marketed fresh and often seen in the aquarium trade (Ref. 12693).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Kottelat, M., 1998. Fishes of the Nam Theun and Xe Bangfai basins, Laos, with diagnoses of twenty-two new species (Teleostei: Cyprinidae, Balitoridae, Cobitidae, Coiidae and Odontobutidae). Ichthyol. Explor. Freshwat. 9(1):1-128.

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: commercial; aquarium: commercial
FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

More information

Common names
Synonyms
Metabolism
Predators
Ecotoxicology
Reproduction
Maturity
Spawning
Fecundity
Eggs
Egg development
Age/Size
Growth
Length-weight
Length-length
Length-frequencies
Morphometrics
Morphology
Larvae
Larval dynamics
Recruitment
Abundance
References
Aquaculture
Aquaculture profile
Strains
Genetics
Allele frequencies
Heritability
Diseases
Processing
Mass conversion
Collaborators
Pictures
Stamps, Coins
Sounds
Ciguatera
Speed
Swim. type
Gill area
Otoliths
Brains
Vision

Tools

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Internet sources

Alien/Invasive Species database | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | iSpecies | PubMed | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | uBio | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on empirical models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00288 (0.00127 - 0.00655), b=2.97 (2.77 - 3.17), based on LWR estimates for this Subfamily-BS (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.3   ±0.40 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (24 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.