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Sphyraena afra  Peters, 1844

Guinean barracuda
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| Native range | All suitable habitat | PointMap | Year 2100 |
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Sphyraena afra   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Sphyraena afra (Guinean barracuda)
Sphyraena afra
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Sphyraenidae (Barracudas)
Etymology: Sphyraena: Greek, sphyraina, -es = the name of a fish (Ref. 45335).   More on author: Peters.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; brackish; pelagic-neritic; depth range 0 - 75 m (Ref. 6949).   Tropical; 15°N - 22°S

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm 87.0  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 205 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 7383); common length : 100.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 26999); max. published weight: 50.0 kg (Ref. 3692)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 6; Dorsal soft rays (total): 9; Anal spines: 2; Anal soft rays: 9. Body with dark chevrons angled forward which become less distinct in large specimens (Ref. 5491).

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Eastern Atlantic: Mauritania (Ref. 5377) to Namibia.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Commonly enters lagoons and estuaries (Ref. 4339). Found on the continental shelf (Ref. 36731). Feeds on fish and shrimps (Ref. 28587). Never reported to be ciguatoxic. Good food and recreational value.

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

De Sylva, D.P., 1990. Sphyraenidae. p. 860-864. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 2.

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Traumatogenic (Ref. 4537)




Human uses

Fisheries: commercial
FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Estimates of some properties based on empirical models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  4.1   ±0.70 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Very Low, minimum population doubling time more than 14 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Very high vulnerability (78 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Medium.