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Anyperodon leucogrammicus  (Valenciennes, 1828)

Slender grouper
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Anyperodon leucogrammicus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Anyperodon leucogrammicus (Slender grouper)
Anyperodon leucogrammicus
Picture by Randall, J.E.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Serranidae (Sea basses: groupers and fairy basslets) > Epinephelinae
Etymology: Anyperodon: Greek, ana = up + Greek, yper = on the top + Greek, odous = teeth (Ref. 45335).

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; reef-associated; non-migratory; depth range 5 - 80 m (Ref. 89707), usually 5 - 50 m (Ref. 37816).   Tropical; 32°N - 24°S, 32°E - 171°W (Ref. 5222)

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?, range 30 - ? cm
Max length : 65.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 11441)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 11; Dorsal soft rays (total): 14-16; Anal spines: 3; Anal soft rays: 8 - 9. Juveniles with alternating blue and red stripes and 1or 2 black spots at caudal base (Ref. 4319); adults with greenish to brownish grey color with reddish spots overall; 3-4 pale stripes on side of variable intensity; body elongate, greatest depth 3.1-3.7 in SL; rounded caudal fin; short pelvic fins, not reaching anus (Ref. 90102); head pointed, 2.3-2.5 times in SL; interorbital region narrow, dorsal head profile almost straight; preorbital narrow, depth 14-17 times in HL; snout distinctly longer than eye; rounded preopercle, finely serrate, lower serrae only slightly enlarged, lower edge fleshy; ventral edge of interopercle with a shallow indentation: opercular spines small, upper edge of operculum distinctly convex; maxilla reaches past eye, exposed part covered with tiny cycloid scales; rear end of maxilla without bony process; well developed supramaxilla; palatines without teeth; canines at front of jaws rudimentary or absent (Ref. 89707).

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Indo-Pacific: Red Sea south to Mozambique and east to the Phoenix Islands, north to Japan, south to Australia. Probably including all the islands of the tropical Indian Ocean.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Inhabits coral rich areas and clear waters on lagoon and seaward reefs. Feeds mainly on fishes and probably on crustaceans. The distinctive blue and gold striped juveniles are mimics of the wrasse Halichoeres purpurescens. Juveniles mimic some of the small lined wrasses of the genus Halichoeres or dark damsels in surge zones (Ref. 48635). This allows the species to approach their preys. In Hong Kong live fish markets (Ref. 27253). Solitary (Ref 90102).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Heemstra, Phillip C. | Collaborators

Heemstra, P.C. and J.E. Randall, 1993. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 16. Groupers of the world (family Serranidae, subfamily Epinephelinae). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the grouper, rockcod, hind, coral grouper and lyretail species known to date. Rome: FAO. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(16):382 p. (Ref. 5222)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: minor commercial; gamefish: yes
FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Ecology
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Common names
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Length-weight
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Length-frequencies
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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | iSpecies | National databases | PubMed | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | uBio | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 1.0000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00646 (0.00411 - 0.01014), b=3.10 (2.97 - 3.23), based on LWR estimates for species & Subfamily-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.9   ±0.62 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (30 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Very high.