Heteropneustes fossilis  (Bloch, 1794)

Stinging catfish
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Heteropneustes fossilis
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Siluriformes (Catfish) > Heteropneustidae (Airsac catfishes)
Etymology: Heteropneustes: Greek, heteros = other + Greek, pneo = to breath (Ref. 45335).

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; brackish; demersal; pH range: 6.0 - 8.0; dH range: ? - 30.   Tropical; 21°C - 25°C (Ref. 2060); 33°N - 5°N, 64°E - 97°E

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?, range 12 - ? cm
Max length : 30.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 6028)

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions | Faunafri

Asia: Pakistan and Sri Lanka to Myanmar.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Adults found mainly in ponds, ditches, swamps and marshes, but sometimes occur in muddy rivers. Can tolerate slightly brackish water. Omnivorous. Breed in confined waters during the monsoon months, but can breed in ponds, derelict ponds and ditches when sufficient rain-water accumulates. Oviparous, distinct pairing possibly like other members of the same family (Ref. 205). In great demand due to its medicinal value.

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Talwar, P.K. and A.G. Jhingran, 1991. Inland fishes of India and adjacent countries. Volume 2. A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam.

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)

Threat to humans

  Traumatogenic (Ref. 4716)




Human uses

Fisheries: highly commercial; aquaculture: commercial; aquarium: commercial
FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Age/Size
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Ciguatera
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Estimates of some properties based on empirical models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5625   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00389 (0.00151 - 0.01004), b=3.13 (2.91 - 3.35), based on LWR estimates for this Subfamily-BS (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.7   ±0.6 se; Based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (K=0.23; tm=1; Fec=4,200).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (16 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.