Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Blenniidae
(Combtooth blennies) > Salariinae
Etymology: Salaria: Latin, salar, salaris = trout (Ref. 45335).
Environment / Climate / Range
Freshwater; brackish; demersal; pH range: 6.5 - 7.5; dH range: 8 - 12. Subtropical; 18°C - 24°C (Ref. 13371); 47°N - 32°N, 7°W - 37°E
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 15.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 13609); common length : 8.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 556)
(total): 12 - 13;
soft rays: 16 - 19;
Vertebrae: 36. This species is distinguished from its congeners in European inland waters by the following combination of characters: a broad diagonal band of tiny dots running from eye backward and downward; branched cirrus above eye; head length 25-31% SL; upper jaw with 16-24 teeth, lower jaw with 16-20; A II,16-19; D XII-XIII,16-17 (Ref. 59043).
Europe and Africa: Africa: Rivers and brooks in Algeria and Morocco flowing to the Mediterranean; including Israel. Europe: Albania, Croatia, France, Greece, Italy, Montenegro and Spain (Ref. 26100); Portugal (Ref. 13612). Asia: Turkey.
Occurs in rivers and brooks (Ref. 4342), with relatively shallow water as well as in low altitude lakes (Ref. 30578), with stone bottom; in streams, deepest and fastest microhabitats are preferred and sometimes coastal lagoons with low salinity (Ref. 59043). A territorial species that live under stones. Longevity up to 5 years (Ref. 59043). Feeds on small benthic organisms. Oviparous (Ref. 205). Spawns for the first time at the end of first year and spawning lasts up to 3 years but with most females dying at the end of first spawning year. Female spawns up to 1,200 eggs (usually 200-300) in a single layer under a large stone; spawns several egg portions during the season. On the other hand, the male cleans, fans and defends the eggs until hatching. Several females may spawn with one male, which may guard the eggs at different stages of development (Ref. 59043). Eggs are demersal and adhesive; eggs hatch in about a week (Ref. 205, 59043). Planktonic larvae until about 1.5 cm, are drifted to and remain in quiet pools or side arms of rivers (Ref. 59043). A short-lived species which is threatened due to pollution and water abstraction (Ref. 26100); most riverine populations affected by habitat alteration (especially siltation and alteration of stream morphology), and predation of exotic species. Presence of habitat suitable for the pelagic 'larval' stage downstream of spawning sites is a limiting factor; lacustrine population are apparently safer (Ref. 59043).
Bath, H., 1986. Blenniidae. p. 355-357. In J. Daget, J.-P. Gosse and D.F.E. Thys van den Audenaerde (eds.) Check-list of the freshwater fishes of Africa (CLOFFA). ISNB, Brussels, MRAC, Tervuren; and ORSTOM, Paris. Vol. 2.
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of no interest; aquarium: commercial
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
CollaboratorsPicturesStamps, CoinsSoundsCiguateraSpeedSwim. typeGill areaOtolithsBrainsVision
Estimates of some properties based on empirical models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5312 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01116 (-0.08237 - 0.10469), b=3.03 (2.97 - 3.10), based on LWR estimates for species & family-BS (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.37 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Fec = 200).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (16 of 100) .