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Alburnoides bipunctatus  (Bloch, 1782)

Schneider
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Alburnoides bipunctatus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Alburnoides bipunctatus
Picture by Artaev, O.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes (Carps) > Cyprinidae (Minnows or carps) > Alburninae
Etymology: Alburnoides: From the city of Al Bura, where the fish was known + particle Greek, oides = similar (Ref. 45335).

Issue
Alburnoides rossicus Berg, 1924 and Alburnus maculatus Kessler, 1859 are valid species according to Bogutskaya and Coad (2009: Ref. 82592). The corresponding species summary pages will be created in the future.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; brackish; benthopelagic; pH range: 7.0 - 8.0; potamodromous (Ref. 51243).   Subtropical; 10°C - 18°C (Ref. 1672); 61°N - 34°N, 5°W - 74°E

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Europe and Asia: Loire drainage in France eastward, in nearly all rivers draining to southern Baltic, North, Black and Azov Seas; Caspian basin, in upper Volga and from Kura drainage southward to Iranian tributaries of Caspian; widespread in Iran. In Mediterannean basin, only in Rhône and some small coastal drainages from Provence (France) eastward to Genova (Italy), Aoos (Greece, Albania) and western Greece as far south as Sperchios drainage. In Marmara basin, western Anatolia south to Great Menderes drainage and in upper Euphrate and Tigris drainages. Aral basin, upper Amu Darja and Karakumskij drainages (Tukmenistan, Afghanistan). Appendix III of the Bern Convention (protected fauna).

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 18.5 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 88163); common length : 9.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 556); max. published weight: 30.00 g (Ref. 30578)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 3; Dorsal soft rays (total): 7-8; Anal spines: 3; Anal soft rays: 13 - 18; Vertebrae: 38 - 40. Diagnosed from its congeners in Europe by following characters: anal fin with 12-17½ branched rays; snout length equal to or smaller than eye diameter; eye diameter about equal to interorbital distance; and mouth terminal (Ref. 59043). Caudal fin with 19 rays (Ref. 2196).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Inhabit streams and rivers in foothills with well oxygenated, fast-flowing water. All age classes occur in open water of streams and small rivers (Ref. 59043). Found also in rivers with very calm waters. Feed on insect larvae and dead insects (Ref. 9696), as well as on crustaceans and diatoms. Spawn in small groups and lay eggs deep into gravel with swift current. Locally threatened by stream regulation, trout stocking and pollution. Attain a maximum size of up to about 13 cm SL (Ref. 59043).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Spawns in small groups and deposit eggs deep into gravel (Ref. 59043).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Kottelat, M. and J. Freyhof, 2007. Handbook of European freshwater fishes. Publications Kottelat, Cornol and Freyhof, Berlin. 646 pp. (Ref. 59043)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: of no interest; aquarium: commercial; bait: usually
FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | DORIS | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishes of Iran | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | National databases | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | Public aquariums | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00692 (0.00437 - 0.01096), b=3.03 (2.90 - 3.16), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  2.9   ±0.35 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (K=0.36; tmax=6; Fec>10,000).
Prior r = 0.49, 2 SD range = 0.21 - 1.14, log(r) = -0.71, SD log(r) = 0.42, Based on: 11 K, 1 tgen, 1 tmax, 4 Fec records
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (33 of 100) .