Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Ophidiiformes
(Cusk eels) > Ophidiidae
(Cusk-eels) > Ophidiinae
Etymology: Genypterus: Greek, geny, -yos = face, jaw + Greek, pteron, = wing, fin (Ref. 45335).
Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; bathydemersal; oceanodromous (Ref. 51243); depth range 22 - 1000 m (Ref. 58489), usually 300 - 550 m (Ref. 6390). Deep-water; 17°S - 57°S, 114°E - 30°W (Ref. 34024)
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 72.0  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 200 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 34024); common length : 100.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9258); max. published weight: 25.0 kg (Ref. 34024); max. reported age: 30 years (Ref. 9072)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Southwest Pacific: southern Australia and around New Zealand. Southeast Pacific: Chile (Ref. 9068). Southwest Atlantic: Brazil (Ref. 4517).
Common species (Ref. 34024). Found between depths of 22 m (Ref. 58489) and 1000 m (Ref. 33848). Feed mainly on crustaceans such as Munida and scampi and also on fish. Also caught above the bottom when feeding on hoki (Macruronus novaezelandiae) during the hoki spawning season. Available all year round. Juveniles are found in shallower shelf waters (Ref. 6390). Oviparous, with oval pelagic eggs floating in a gelatinous mass (Ref. 205). Utilized fresh, frozen or smoked; can be fried and baked (Ref. 9988, 34024).
Nielsen, J.G., D.M. Cohen, D.F. Markle and C.R. Robins, 1999. Ophidiiform fishes of the world (Order Ophidiiformes). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of pearlfishes, cusk-eels, brotulas and other ophidiiform fishes known to date. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(18):178p. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 34024)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: highly commercial
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5156 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00240 (0.00122 - 0.00470), b=3.11 (2.93 - 3.29), based on LWR estimates for species & Subfamily-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 4.2 ±0.76 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (K=0.1-0.23; tmax=30; tm=5-7).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Very high vulnerability (79 of 100) .