Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Scombridae
(Mackerels, tunas, bonitos) > Scombrinae
Etymology: Sarda: Latin and Greek, sarda = sardine; name related to the island of Sardinia (Ref. 45335). More on author: Girard.
This species was usually referred to as a subspecies of Sarda chiliensis Cuvier, 1832. Until further work, it is elevated here at species rank following Clemens & Wilby (1961: Ref. 4925).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; pelagic-neritic; oceanodromous (Ref. 51243). Subtropical; 61°N - 20°N
Northeast Pacific: Off the coast of Alaska (60°16'N, 145°32'W) to Cabo San Lucas at the tip of Baja California (22°20'N, 112°27'W) and Revillagigedo Islands.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 102 cm FL male/unsexed; (Ref. 168); max. published weight: 11.3 kg (Ref. 168)
An inshore species that forms schools by size (Ref. 168). Feeds on a variety of small schooling fishes, squids and shrimps (Ref. 168). An important food fish (Ref. 4925).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
McAllister, D.E., 1990. A list of the fishes of Canada. Syllogeus No. 64. Nat. Mus. Nat. Sci., Ottawa, Canada. 310 p. (Ref. 11980)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: commercial; gamefish: yes
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 8.6 - 17.8, mean 10.3 (based on 68 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5312 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 4.2 ±0.60 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (K=0.6).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate to high vulnerability (50 of 100) .