Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Environment / Climate / Range
Freshwater; benthopelagic; pH range: 6.0 - 6.5; dH range: ? - 10. Tropical; 22°C - 25°C (Ref. 1672)
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 25.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 30857)
soft rays: 5. With 4 barbels (Ref. 43281); anterior maxillary ("rostral") barbels present (Ref. 12693); last simple dorsal ray osseous and serrated posteriorly; conspicuous black blotch on caudal peduncle; small, vertically elongated, black spot below dorsal origin; narrow dark band from upper extremity of gill opening to pectoral base; caudal fin orange red with a conspicuous broad black marginal stripe on each lobe; usually longitudinal rows of black spots along scale rows (Ref. 43281).
Asia: Chao Phraya, Mekong and Mae Khlong basins, Malay Peninsula and Indonesia.
Occurs in rivers of all sizes, but mainly in smaller streams, canals and on floodplains. Occasionally found in impoundments, but usually stays in the flowing streams leading to the impoundment. Moves into seasonally inundated areas and breeds at the start of the rainy season. Young of the year appear in streams in July and August. Adults leave the floodplains when the water recedes in December or January (Ref. 12693). Captured from the wild for the ornamental fish trade in Thailand (Ref. 6459). Marketed fresh or made into prahoc along the Tonle Sap (Ref. 12693).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Kottelat, M., 2001. Fishes of Laos. WHT Publications Ltd., Colombo 5, Sri Lanka. 198 p. (Ref. 43281)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: minor commercial
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5001 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01122 (0.00533 - 0.02363), b=2.98 (2.81 - 3.15), based on LWR estimates for this Subfamily-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 2.9 ±0.34 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (21 of 100) .