Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; demersal; depth range 0 - 30 m (Ref. 9003). Temperate
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 13.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 13227); max. reported age: 4 years (Ref. 31614)
Southwest Pacific: Tasmania, Australia and New Zealand, including the Chatham Islands.
Inhabits rock pools and sub-tidally down to 30 m. Feeds on benthic invertebrates. Spawns from May to November (Ref. 9003).
Paulin, C. and C. Roberts, 1992. The rockpool fishes of New Zealand (Te ika aaria o Aotearoa). Museum of New Zealand (Te Papa Tongarewa). 177 p.
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
CollaboratorsPicturesStamps, CoinsSoundsCiguateraSpeedSwim. typeGill areaOtolithsBrainsVision
Estimates of some properties based on empirical models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5039 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00733 (-0.12319 - 0.13785), b=3.08 (2.99 - 3.16), based on LWR estimates for species & family-BS (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.6 se; Based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Tmax=4; K=1.85).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .