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Perccottus glenii  Dybowski, 1877

Chinese sleeper
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Perccottus glenii
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Odontobutidae (Freshwater sleepers)
Etymology: Perccottus: Greek, perke = perch + Gr, kottos = a fish (Ref. 45335).   More on author: Dybowski.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; brackish; demersal.   Temperate; 15°C - 30°C (Ref. 2059); 54°N - 39°N, 106°E - 141°E

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?, range 6 - 8 cm
Max length : 25.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 2059); max. published weight: 250.00 g (Ref. 80031); max. reported age: 7 years (Ref. 56557)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 6 - 8; Dorsal soft rays (total): 9-11; Anal spines: 1-3; Anal soft rays: 7 - 10. Distinguished from other European freshwater species by the following characters: 2 dorsals with the first with 6-8 simple rays, and the second with 2-3 simple and 8-12 branched rays; no spines on first dorsal; no barbels; pelvics not fused into a disc; no lateral line canals; males during spawning period, develop a hump on nape and become black with bright green spots on body and unpaired fins (Ref. 59043).

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Asia: Tugur (Sea of Okhotsk) and Amur southward to Yangtze and Fujian. In Amur, historically known from the middle and lower Amur (from Tygda Rive down to the estuary) with tributaries Zeya, Sungari, Ussuri and the Khanka Lake basin. Reported from Shilka in the upper Amur where it is introduced (Ref. 82587). Introduced in Europe (Ref. 59043). At least one country reports adverse ecological impact after introduction (Ref. 2058).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Occurs in lentic waters, lakes, ponds, backwaters and marshes with dense underwater vegetation and avoids river stretches with fast and even slow current (Ref. 59043). Prefers stagnant rivers and bogs (Ref. 80031). Can tolerate poorly oxygenated water and able to survive in dried out or completely frozen water bodies by digging itself into mud where it hibernates. A voracious predatory fish (wide variety of invertebrates, tadpoles and fish) constituting a most serious threat to aquatic fauna wherever it occurs. In small water bodies; known to extirpate almost all other fish species and amphibian larvae. Spawns for the first time at 1-3 years and about 6.0 cm SL. Spawns several potions of eggs in May to June at 15-20°C. Elongated eggs (3.8 x 1.3 mm) with sticky filaments usually deposited in one row close to water surface on underwater structures such as roots, leaves and others. Males guard the eggs and pelagic larvae (Ref. 59043).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Berg, L.S., 1965. Freshwater fishes of the U.S.S.R. and adjacent countries. volume 3, 4th edition. Israel Program for Scientific Translations Ltd, Jerusalem. (Russian version published 1949). (Ref. 2058)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Potential pest




Human uses

Fisheries: minor commercial; aquarium: potential
FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Common names
Synonyms
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Predators
Ecotoxicology
Reproduction
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Fecundity
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Age/Size
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Length-weight
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Morphology
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Internet sources

Alien/Invasive Species database | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | iSpecies | National databases | PubMed | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | uBio | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 1.0000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00933 (0.00380 - 0.02291), b=3.09 (2.88 - 3.30), based on LWR estimates for this Subfamily-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.6   ±0.54 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Moderate to high vulnerability (51 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.