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Oryzias latipes  (Temminck & Schlegel, 1846)

Japanese rice fish
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Image of Oryzias latipes (Japanese rice fish)
Oryzias latipes
Picture by Ho, H.-C.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Beloniformes (Needle fishes) > Adrianichthyidae (Ricefishes) > Oryziinae
Etymology: Oryzias: Greek, oryza = rice; because of the habitat used by this fish (Ref. 45335).

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; brackish; benthopelagic; pH range: 7.0 - 8.0; dH range: 9 - 19; amphidromous (Ref. 51243).   Subtropical; 18°C - 24°C (Ref. 2060); 55°N - 10°N, 85°E - 105°E

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 3.2 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 41299)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal soft rays (total): 6-7; Anal soft rays: 15 - 21; Vertebrae: 30 - 31. Meristic characters mainly from Nam Theun, Laos sample only (Ref. 27658). Scale count refers to the scales in longitudinal row (Ref. 41299).

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Asia: Japan, Korea, China and Viet Nam. Reported from the middle Nam Theun, Mekong, Irrawaddy, Salween, Red River and Nanpangjiang in basins (Ref. 27732).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Adults occur in ponds, marshes, paddy fields and small flows of plains (Ref. 41299). They prefer slow-moving streams. Inhabit mainly waters of lowlands and brackish water, and also known to inhabit tide pools of coasts of certain regions in Japan and Korea. They can withstand a wide range of salinity (Ref. 58933). Omnivorous (Ref. 58933). For indoor culture, a diluted sea water is rather better than the freshwater , and the use of a balanced salt solution is recommended, if the tap water proves to be unsuitable (Ref. 58933). Used in experimental research (Ref. 4537). Non-annual breeders. Are easy to maintain in the aquarium (Ref. 27139). A fluorescent ornamental variety (genetically modified fish), a product of fluorescent protein extracted from jellyfish and attaching to DNA in embryonic fish of this is now being sold in the aquarium trade (Ref. 48573).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Seegers, Lothar | Collaborators

Roberts, T.R., 1998. Systematic observations on tropical Asian medakas or ricefishes of the genus Oryzias, with descriptions of four new species. Ichthyol. Res. 45(3):213-224.

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: of no interest; aquarium: commercial
FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Age/Size
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Length-length
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Internet sources

Alien/Invasive Species database | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | iSpecies | National databases | PubMed | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | uBio | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on empirical models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=-2.41000 (nan - nan), b=3.12 (2.94 - 3.30), based on all LWR estimates for this BS (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.4   ±0.45 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (tm<1; Fec=40).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.