Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Beloniformes
(Needle fishes) > Adrianichthyidae
(Ricefishes) > Oryziinae
Etymology: Oryzias: Greek, oryza = rice; because of the habitat used by this fish (Ref. 45335).
Environment / Climate / Range
Freshwater; brackish; benthopelagic; pH range: 7.0 - 8.0; dH range: 9 - 19; amphidromous (Ref. 51243). Subtropical; 18°C - 24°C (Ref. 2060); 55°N - 10°N, 85°E - 105°E
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 3.2 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 41299)
Asia: Japan, Korea, China and Viet Nam. Reported from the middle Nam Theun, Mekong, Irrawaddy, Salween, Red River and Nanpangjiang in basins (Ref. 27732).
Adults occur in ponds, marshes, paddy fields and small flows of plains (Ref. 41299). They prefer slow-moving streams. Inhabit mainly waters of lowlands and brackish water, and also known to inhabit tide pools of coasts of certain regions in Japan and Korea. They can withstand a wide range of salinity (Ref. 58933). Omnivorous (Ref. 58933). For indoor culture, a diluted sea water is rather better than the freshwater , and the use of a balanced salt solution is recommended, if the tap water proves to be unsuitable (Ref. 58933). Used in experimental research (Ref. 4537). Non-annual breeders. Are easy to maintain in the aquarium (Ref. 27139). A fluorescent ornamental variety (genetically modified fish), a product of fluorescent protein extracted from jellyfish and attaching to DNA in embryonic fish of this is now being sold in the aquarium trade (Ref. 48573).
Carries eggs for some time before deposition (Ref. 7471). Oocytes mature at night followed by ovulation at dawn (Ref. 58942).
Roberts, T.R., 1998. Systematic observations on tropical Asian medakas or ricefishes of the genus Oryzias, with descriptions of four new species. Ichthyol. Res. 45(3):213-224. (Ref. 27658)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of no interest; aquarium: commercial
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00389 (0.00180 - 0.00842), b=3.12 (2.94 - 3.30), based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.45 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (tm<1; Fec=40).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .