Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Cichlidae
(Cichlids) > Geophaginae
Etymology: Apistogramma: Greek, apisto = uncertain + Greek, gramma = graphic signal (Ref. 45335). More on author: Kullander.
Environment / Climate / Range
Freshwater; benthopelagic; pH range: 6.0 - 6.5; dH range: 2 - 4. Tropical; 23°C - 30°C (Ref. 13371), preferred ?
South America: upper Meta River drainage (Guaytiquía and Metica rivers), Orinoco River basin in Colombia.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 5.5 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 36377); 5.0 cm (female)
Maximum length is 7.0 cm TL (Ref. 36377). Aquarium keeping: several females for one male; minimum aquarium size 60 cm (Ref. 51539). The eggs are attached to the ceiling of caves, female cares for eggs and larvae (Ref. 47893).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Produces 60-120 eggs. The eggs are attached to the ceiling of caves, female cares for eggs and larvae (Ref. 47893).
Kullander, S.O., 2003. Cichlidae (Cichlids). p. 605-654. In R.E. Reis, S.O. Kullander and C.J. Ferraris, Jr. (eds.) Checklist of the Freshwater Fishes of South and Central America. Porto Alegre: EDIPUCRS, Brasil. (Ref. 36377)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01698 (0.00692 - 0.04169), b=3.02 (2.81 - 3.23), based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Fec=60-120).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .