Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Serranidae
(Sea basses: groupers and fairy basslets) > Grammistinae
Etymology: Pseudogramma: Greek, pseudes = false + Greek, gramma = letter, signal (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 1 - 37 m (Ref. 27020). Tropical
Eastern Central Pacific: Gulf of California to Gorgona Island, Colombia.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 9.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 59088)
(total): 7 - 8;
soft rays: 17 - 20;
Vertebrae: 26. Live fish with light yellowish brown body, the center of each scale with dark brown spot thus forming a longitudinal pattern of dark brown lines. Prominent black spot on opercle. A broad-based, long, slender, dermal flap dorsally on eye. Two large pores in mid-interorbital space, one on each side close to the edge of the orbit, with the aperture nearly covered by a flap from the median side. There are several small pores in the median part of interorbital. Tubular anterior nostril when laid back reaching at most half way to posterior nostril (Ref. 27020).
Inhabits rocky crevices. Feeds mainly on small fishes and benthic crustaceans (Ref. 11482).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Allen, G.R. and D.R. Robertson, 1994. Fishes of the tropical eastern Pacific. University of Hawaii Press, Honolulu. 332 p. (Ref. 11482)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 23.4 - 28.5, mean 26.9 (based on 28 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5001 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01288 (0.00629 - 0.02640), b=3.09 (2.90 - 3.28), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.9 ±0.64 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (13 of 100) .