Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Salmoniformes
(Salmons) > Salmonidae
(Salmonids) > Salmoninae
Etymology: Salmo: Latin, salmo, Plinius = salmon (Ref. 45335).
Environment / Climate / Range
Freshwater; demersal. Subtropical
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 62.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 59043)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Distinguished from all its congeners in Balkan Peninsula by having the following combination of characters: preanal length 77-80% SL; predorsal length 47-50% SL; interorbital distance 20-25% HL; head and body with small dark dots, especially in upper part; and dark red spots of different sizes, on whole flank, circled by bright pale rim (Ref. 59043).
Europe: Croatia, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Montenegro, Albania, Greece, Kosovo, Macedonia (Adriatic basin from Krka to Aoos drainages); possibly present in Peloponnese, Greece (Alfios).
Inhabits lakes and large rivers. Spawns on gravel bottom. In Lake Skadar basin, overwinters in deep parts of lake and moves to main tributaries in summer (Ref. 59043). Threatened due to habitat destruction and pollution (Ref. 26100).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Kottelat, M. and J. Freyhof, 2007. Handbook of European freshwater fishes. Publications Kottelat, Cornol and Freyhof, Berlin. 646 pp. (Ref. 59043)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: commercial; gamefish: yes
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00955 (0.00558 - 0.01634), b=3.03 (2.88 - 3.18), based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.7 ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High vulnerability (60 of 100) .