Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; bathypelagic; oceanodromous (Ref. 51243); depth range 0 - 1050 m (Ref. 44036). Deep-water
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?, range 5 - ? cm
Max length : 6.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4479)
Eastern Atlantic: Morocco to Namibia (gap over region of cyclonic gyre 4°-6°S). Western Atlantic: USA to Subtropical Convergence, [but absent over minimum region off Brazil according to Ref. 4479] and lower abundance in Sargasso Sea. Also in the southern Indian Ocean, North and South Pacific (absent in equatorial waters). South China Sea (Ref.74511).
Oceanic, found below 1,000 m during the day and from the surface to 200 m at night (Ref. 4479). Neustonic to mesopelagic (Ref. 58302). Oviparous, with planktonic eggs and larvae (Ref. 31442). Lipid content is 3.3 % in fresh body weight and wax ester is 10 % in total lipids (Ref. 9197). Reach sexual maturity at 4,6 cm (Ref. 47377).
Hulley, P.A., 1990. Myctophidae. p. 398-467. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI; Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 1. (Ref. 4479)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5020 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00389 (0.00180 - 0.00842), b=3.12 (2.94 - 3.30), based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.2 ±0.31 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (22 of 100) .