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Maylandia xanstomachus  (Stauffer & Boltz, 1989)

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Maylandia xanstomachus
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Cichlidae (Cichlids) > Pseudocrenilabrinae
Etymology: Maylandia: In honour of Hans J. Mayland, German ictiologist (Ref. 45335).

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; demersal.   Tropical; 24°C - 26°C (Ref. 13614), preferred ?; 13°S - 14°S

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Africa: Maleri Islands and Kanjedza Island in Lake Malawi, Malawi.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 12.5 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5595)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 16 - 18; Dorsal soft rays (total): 7-10; Anal spines: 3; Anal soft rays: 6 - 8; Vertebrae: 26 - 30. Pelvic fins black anteriorly fading to yellow-brown posteriorly; anal fun blue. Males with 3-5 yellow ocelli on anal fin (Ref. 5595). Gill rakers on first ceratobranchial 9-12; gill rakers on first epibranchial 2-3 (Ref. 27596).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Adults inhabit the sediment-free rocky habitat, usually at exposed sites. Feed from the biocover on the rocks by combing loose material from the aufwuchs (Ref. 5595). Mouthbrooding by females (Ref. 53335).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Mouthbrooding by females (Ref. 53335).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Kullander, Sven O. | Collaborators

Stauffer, J.R. Jr., N.J. Bowers, K.A. Kellogg and K.R. McKaye, 1997. A revision of the blue-black Pseudotropheus zebra (Teleostei: Cichlidae) complex from Lake Malawi, Africa, with a description of a new genus and ten new species. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philad. 148:189-230. (Ref. 27596)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Aquarium: commercial
FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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