Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Carangidae
(Jacks and pompanos) > Caranginae
Etymology: Carangoides: French, carangue, the name of a Caribbean fish; 1836 (Ref. 45335).
Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; brackish; reef-associated; depth range 30 - 60 m (Ref. 11441). Tropical
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 72.0 cm FL male/unsexed; (Ref. 40637); common length : 65.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5450); max. published weight: 4.4 kg (Ref. 40637)
soft rays: 14 - 17. Color silvery, greenish above. Opercle with black spot. 20-37 weak scutes. Pectoral fins falcate. Scaleless breast to behind pelvic origin and laterally to pectoral base. Soft dorsal lobe falcate in young, becoming shorter than head in adults. First 2 anal spines detached.
Indo-Pacific: East Africa (Ref. 3287) to Fiji, north to Ryukyu Islands, south to New Zealand.
Adults inhabit open waters of coastal reefs (Ref. 9710). Juveniles occur in inshore areas, including estuaries (Ref. 3287). Usually in small groups (Ref. 48635).
Paxton, J.R., D.F. Hoese, G.R. Allen and J.E. Hanley, 1989. Pisces. Petromyzontidae to Carangidae. Zoological Catalogue of Australia, Vol. 7. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra, 665 p.
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: commercial; gamefish: yes
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on empirical models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.02510 (0.01535 - 0.04105), b=2.93 (2.79 - 3.07), based on LWR estimates for species & Genus-BS (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 4.4 ±0.8 se; Based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate to high vulnerability (47 of 100) .