Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Microdesmidae
(Wormfishes) > Ptereleotrinae
Etymology: Ptereleotris: Greek, pteron = wing, fin + The name of a Nile fish, eleotris (Ref. 45335). More on authors: Randall & Hoese.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 6 - 50 m (Ref. 48637), usually 6 - 15 m (Ref. 27115). Tropical; 22°C - 27°C (Ref. 27115); 36°N - 38°S, 53°E - 133°W
Indo-Pacific: Seychelles and Chagos Islands to the western Pacific.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 12.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 48637)
soft rays: 33 - 37;
Vertebrae: 26. Pale blue to yellowish; upper abdomen with a broad area of deeper blue; a bar, broad and blackish extending ventrally from eye onto chin; iris yellow, upper and lower edges broadly deep blue; postorbital head with irregular, iridescent markings. A single, continuous dorsal fin with spinous part lower than soft portion. Chin with fleshy protuberance narrowing to a thin low, median fold. Scales very small, fully embedded and well separated. Named as such in reference to its continuous dorsal fin.
Lives in reef habitats from shallow coastal slopes to outer reef lagoons and slopes below drop-offs to 50 meters, among rubble (Ref. 48637). Occurs in pairs and its burrow may be in coral rock or sand. Monogamous (Ref. 52884). Feeds on zooplanktons (Ref. 89972). They tend to form large, though diffuse, colonies; may be due to a propensity to aggregate or may be a result of the ecological requirements for the species (for which type of substratum, current pattern, and water depth among the most important) which restrict the areas of settlement of the postlarvae.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Monogamous mating is observed as both obligate and social (Ref. 52884).
Randall, J.E. and D.F. Hoese, 1985. Revision of the Indo-Pacific dartfishes, genus Ptereleotris (Perciformes: Gobioidei). Indo-Pac. Fish. (7):36 p. (Ref. 528)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 23.3 - 29.1, mean 28 °C (based on 2128 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00389 (0.00180 - 0.00842), b=3.12 (2.94 - 3.30), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.45 se; based on food items.
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .