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Canthidermis maculata  (Bloch, 1786)

Rough triggerfish
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| Native range | All suitable habitat | PointMap | Year 2100 |
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Canthidermis maculata   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Canthidermis maculata (Rough triggerfish)
Canthidermis maculata
Picture by Patzner, R.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Tetraodontiformes (Puffers and filefishes) > Balistidae (Triggerfishes)
Etymology: Canthidermis: Greek, kanthos = the outer or inner corner of the eye, where the lids meet, 1646 + Greek, derma = skin (Ref. 45335).

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; reef-associated; depth range 1 - 110 m (Ref. 9710).   Subtropical; 46°N - 18°S

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 50.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9276); common length : 35.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 55763)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 3; Dorsal soft rays (total): 23-25; Anal spines: 0; Anal soft rays: 20 - 22. Head, body and fins of adults dark; body with elongated white spots that may disappear with growth (Ref. 4420).

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Circumglobal. But not in Mediterranean. Western Pacific: north to Hokkaido, Japan and east to French Polynesia. Eastern Pacific: Puerto Vallarta, Mexico to Huacho, Peru, and including the Galapagos Islands (Ref. 9276). Western Atlantic: North Carolina, USA and Bermuda to South America (Ref. 7251). Eastern Atlantic: Cape Verde and west coast of Africa (Ref. 7348). Western Indian Ocean: South Africa (Ref. 4420) and Reunion (Ref. 53568).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Found in shallow coastal and offshore waters (Ref. 9276, 11230). Epipelagic nearly all throughout life, often associated with drifting objects (Ref. 1602, 44187). May occur on deep rocky slopes (Ref. 7251). Appear to school in large numbers based on catches from set nets (Ref. 637). Oviparous (Ref. 205). Marketed fresh (Ref. 9770).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Distinct pairing (Ref. 205).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Matsuura, Keiichi | Collaborators

Myers, R.F., 1991. Micronesian reef fishes. Second Ed. Coral Graphics, Barrigada, Guam. 298 p. (Ref. 1602)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Reports of ciguatera poisoning (Ref. 30911)




Human uses

Fisheries: commercial
FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.6250   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.02344 (0.01134 - 0.04848), b=2.96 (2.78 - 3.14), based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)Family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.5   ±0.45 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (28 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Medium.