Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Pleuronectiformes
(Flatfishes) > Pleuronectidae
(Righteye flounders) > Pleuronectinae
Etymology: Pleuronectes: Greek, pleura = side, ribe + Greek, nekton = swimmer (Ref. 45335). More on author: Pallas.
Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; demersal; depth range 0 - 600 m (Ref. 50550). Temperate; 3°C - 8°C; 65°N - 48°N
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?, range 28 - 29 cm
Max length : 62.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 56527); common length : 36.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 56527); max. published weight: 3.5 kg (Ref. 56527); max. reported age: 31 years (Ref. 55701)
North Pacific: Peter the Great Bay to Point Hope in the Chukchi Sea south to Unalaska Island and east to Kayak Island in southeast Alaska.
Adults feed mainly on polychaetes and amphipods (Ref. 27301).
Cooper, J.A. and F. Chapleau, 1998. Monophyly and intrarelationships of the family Pleuronectidae (Pleuronectiformes), with a revised classification. Fish. Bull. 96(4):686-726.
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on empirical models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.6250 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00832 (0.00538 - 0.01286), b=3.08 (2.96 - 3.20), based on LWR estimates for species & Subfamily-BS (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.1 ±0.3 se; Based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (K=0.1; tmax=31).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High to very high vulnerability (67 of 100) .