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Etropus crossotus  Jordan & Gilbert, 1882

Fringed flounder
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| Native range | All suitable habitat | PointMap | Year 2100 |
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Etropus crossotus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Etropus crossotus (Fringed flounder)
Etropus crossotus
Picture by Martins, I.A.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Pleuronectiformes (Flatfishes) > Paralichthyidae (Large-tooth flounders)
Etymology: Etropus: Greek, etron, -on = lower abdomen + Greek, pous = feet.   More on author: Jordan, Gilbert.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; brackish; demersal; oceanodromous (Ref. 51243); depth range 0 - 65 m (Ref. 5217), usually 0 - 30 m (Ref. 5217).   Subtropical; 11°C - 31°C (Ref. 47167); 37°N - 33°S

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm 8.5, range 8 - ? cm
Max length : 20.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9330); common length : 15.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5217); max. reported age: 1 years (Ref. 47359)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 73-87; Anal spines: 0; Anal soft rays: 57 - 68

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Western Atlantic: Canada (Ref. 5951) to Chesapeake Bay, USA to the Antilles and southern Brazil. Eastern Pacific: Baja California to Peru (Ref. 9330).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Inhabits sandy and muddy bottoms (Ref. 9330). Common in estuaries (Ref. 9330). Feeds on big, benthic invertebrates and small fishes (Ref. 9330). Utilized fresh (Ref. 9330).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Amaoka, Kunio | Collaborators

Figueiredo, J.L. and N.A. Menezes, 2000. Manual de peixes marinhos do sudeste do Brasil. VI.Teleostei (5). Museu de Zoologia, Universidade de São Paulo. Brazil. 116 p.

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: minor commercial
FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

More information

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Internet sources

Alien/Invasive Species database | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | iSpecies | PubMed | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | uBio | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on empirical models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5020   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00741 (0.00624 - 0.00881), b=3.14 (3.09 - 3.19), based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.3   ±0.48 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (tmax=1.2; k >0.3).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Very high.