Scorpaenichthys marmoratus  (Ayres, 1854)

Cabezon
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Scorpaenichthys marmoratus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Scorpaenichthys marmoratus
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Scorpaeniformes (Scorpionfishes and flatheads) > Cottidae (Sculpins)
Etymology: Scorpaenichthys: Latin, scorpaena = a kind of fish, 1706 + Greek, ichthys = fish (Ref. 45335).

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; demersal; depth range 0 - 200 m (Ref. 2850).   Subtropical; 59°N - 26°N, 140°W - 110°W

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 99.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 2850); max. published weight: 14.0 kg (Ref. 27436); max. reported age: 13 years (Ref. 56049)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 8 - 12; Dorsal soft rays (total): 15-18; Anal spines: 0; Anal soft rays: 11 - 13; Vertebrae: 35. Caudal fin barely rounded.

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Eastern Pacific: Sitka, southeastern Alaska to Punta Abrejos, central Baja California, Mexico.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Inhabits rocky, sandy and muddy bottoms as well as kelp beds (Ref. 4925). Adults and juveniles feed on crustaceans, fishes and mollusks (Ref. 6885). Commonly captured by sport fishers (from shore, boats or piers) and by scuba divers (Ref. 2850). Flesh is good eating but eggs are poisonous and will make humans violently ill (Ref. 13513).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Eschmeyer, W.N., E.S. Herald and H. Hammann, 1983. A field guide to Pacific coast fishes of North America. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, U.S.A. 336 p. (Ref. 2850)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

Other (Ref. 2850)




Human uses

Fisheries: commercial; gamefish: yes; aquarium: public aquariums
FAO(fisheries: production; publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 1.0000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.6   ±0.47 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (tm=3; tmax=13; K=0.3, Fec=40,000-90,000).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Moderate vulnerability (37 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Very high.