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Arnoglossus laterna  (Walbaum, 1792)

Mediterranean scaldfish
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| Native range | All suitable habitat | PointMap | Year 2100 |
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Arnoglossus laterna   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Arnoglossus laterna (Mediterranean scaldfish)
Arnoglossus laterna
Picture by Piepiorka, S.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Pleuronectiformes (Flatfishes) > Bothidae (Lefteye flounders)
Etymology: Arnoglossus: Greek, aros, -oy = lamb + Greek, glossa = tongue (Ref. 45335).

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; demersal; depth range 10 - 200 m (Ref. 4704), usually 10 - 100 m (Ref. 35388).   Subtropical; 62°N - 17°S, 18°W - 34°E

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?, range 11 - ? cm
Max length : 25.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 35388); common length : 12.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3397); max. reported age: 8 years (Ref. 32766)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 81-93; Anal spines: 0; Anal soft rays: 74 - 82. Very thin body. None of the dorsal finrays are prolonged (Ref. 4704). Lateral line with a marked curve over the pectoral fin. Behind the pelvic fins two backward curved thorns. Body slender, translucent and shaped like a sole (Ref. 35388).

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Eastern Atlantic: Norway to Angola. Also known from the Mediterranean and Black Sea.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Live on mixed or muddy bottoms. Feed on small fishes and invertebrates (Ref. 4704).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Amaoka, Kunio | Collaborators

Aldebert, Y., M. Desoutter and J.-C. Quéro, 1990. Bothidae. p. 1027-1036. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 2. (Ref. 5979)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: of no interest
FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | iSpecies | National databases | PubMed | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | uBio | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00562 (0.00453 - 0.00699), b=3.12 (3.06 - 3.18), based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.6   ±0.3 se; Based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (tm=3; tmax=7.5).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Moderate vulnerability (36 of 100) .