Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Scorpaeniformes
(Scorpionfishes and flatheads) > Hemitripteridae
(Sea ravens or sailfin sculpins)
Etymology: Hemitripterus: Greek, hemi = half + Greek, tres, tria = three + Greek, pteron = wing, fin (Ref. 45335).
Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; demersal; depth range ? - 180 m. Temperate; 61°N - 36°N
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 64.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 7251); max. published weight: 3.2 kg (Ref. 7251)
Northwest Atlantic: Labrador in Canada to Chesapeake Bay in USA.
Inhabit rocky or hard bottom and is a voracious eater. Food includes crustaceans, mollusks, sea urchins, fishes such as herring, sand lance and silver hake, and any bottom invertebrates that are available. When taken out of the water the belly becomes inflated so that when returned to the water they are unable to submerge. Adults attach their eggs near the base of a sponge to use as a spawning bed (Ref. 34819, 41075).
Robins, C.R. and G.C. Ray, 1986. A field guide to Atlantic coast fishes of North America. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, U.S.A. 354 p.
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
CollaboratorsPicturesStamps, CoinsSoundsCiguateraSpeedSwim. typeGill areaOtolithsBrainsVision
Estimates of some properties based on empirical models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.6289 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 4.5 ±0.8 se; Based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate to high vulnerability (46 of 100) .