Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Haemulidae
(Grunts) > Haemulinae
Etymology: Brachydeuterus: Greek, brachys, eia = short + Greek, deuter = two (Ref. 45335).
Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; brackish; benthopelagic; depth range 10 - 100 m (Ref. 2683), usually 15 - 80 m (Ref. 26999). Tropical; 35°N - 16°S, 19°W - 14°E (Ref. 54289)
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 14.8  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 30.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 7376); common length : 23.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3660)
Eastern Atlantic: Morocco to Angola.
Inhabits coastal waters (Ref. 2683). Remains near the bottom during the day and moves up to the open water at night (Ref. 5377). Occurs over sandy and muddy bottoms. Feeds on invertebrates and small fishes (Ref. 5535).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Roux, C., 1990. Haemulidae. p. 783-788. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 2. (Ref. 6946)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: highly commercial
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 1.0000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01349 (0.00847 - 0.02147), b=3.03 (2.90 - 3.16), based on LWR estimates for species & Subfamily-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.0 ±0.44 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (K=0.29-0.4; tmax=7;).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (33 of 100) .