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Sebastes miniatus  (Jordan & Gilbert, 1880)

Vermilion rockfish
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Image of Sebastes miniatus (Vermilion rockfish)
Sebastes miniatus
Picture by Gotshall, D.W.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Scorpaeniformes (Scorpionfishes and flatheads) > Sebastidae (Rockfishes, rockcods and thornyheads) > Sebastinae
Etymology: Sebastes: Greek, sebastes = august, venerable (Ref. 45335);  miniatus: From the Greek miniatus, meaning 'vermilion' (Ref. 27436).

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; reef-associated; depth range 15 - 274 m (Ref. 27437), usually 183 - 274 m (Ref. 27437).   Subtropical; 54°N - 47°N

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm 37.0, range 37 - 46 cm
Max length : 91.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 27436); max. published weight: 6.8 kg (Ref. 2850); max. reported age: 60 years (Ref. 56049)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 13; Dorsal soft rays (total): 13-15; Anal spines: 3; Anal soft rays: 7. Head spines moderate to weak - nasal, preocular, supraocular, postocular, tympanic and parietal spines present, nuchals usually absent, coronals absent (Ref. 27437). Lower jaw rough and scaly; caudal peduncle deep (Ref. 27437). Caudal fin slightly indented (Ref. 6885). Dark red in color, sides mottled with gray; mouth and fins red, fins usually edged with black; 3 obscure stripes radiating from each eye (Ref. 27437).

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Eastern Pacific: Queen Charlotte Island, British Columbia, Canada to central Baja California, Mexico.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Adults inhabit shallow to deep rocky reefs, less common on deep ones (Ref. 2850). Young inhabit shallow water (Ref. 2850). Viviparous (Ref. 34817). Sold as fillets together with other rockfish (Ref. 27436).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Eschmeyer, W.N., E.S. Herald and H. Hammann, 1983. A field guide to Pacific coast fishes of North America. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, U.S.A. 336 p. (Ref. 2850)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: minor commercial; gamefish: yes; aquarium: public aquariums
FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.8   ±0.6 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (tm=6; tmax =60).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  High vulnerability (63 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Medium.