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Selene dorsalis  (Gill, 1863)

African moonfish
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| Native range | All suitable habitat | PointMap | Year 2100 |
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Selene dorsalis   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Selene dorsalis (African moonfish)
Selene dorsalis
Picture by Freitas, R.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Carangidae (Jacks and pompanos) > Caranginae
Etymology: Selene: Greek, selene = moon (Ref. 45335).

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; brackish; demersal; depth range 20 - 100 m (Ref. 4233).   Subtropical; 39°N - 28°S

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 38.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 7193); common length : 24.0 cm FL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3195); max. published weight: 1.5 kg (Ref. 27584)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 9; Dorsal soft rays (total): 23-24; Anal spines: 1-3; Anal soft rays: 18 - 20. Silvery with faint dusky opercular spot; juveniles with oval black spot over straight lateral line (Ref. 3197).

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Eastern Atlantic: Portugal to South Africa, including Madeira and Cape Verde. Replaced by Selene setapinnis in western Atlantic. These two species have not been adequately studied and may prove to be conspecific.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Adults usually found near the bottom; juveniles occur in surface waters often near bays and river mouths. Form schools. Feed on crustaceans and small fishes (Ref. 4233). Eggs are pelagic (Ref. 4233).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Smith-Vaniz, William F. | Collaborators

Smith-Vaniz, W.F., 1986. Carangidae. p. 815-844. In P.J.P. Whitehead, M.-L. Bauchot, J.-C. Hureau, J. Nielsen and E. Tortonese (eds.) Fishes of the north-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean. UNESCO, Paris. vol. 2. (Ref. 4233)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: commercial
FAO(fisheries: production; publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5039   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01479 (0.00913 - 0.02397), b=2.88 (2.74 - 3.02), based on LWR estimates for species & Subfamily-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  4.1   ±0.69 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (K=0.6).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (25 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   High.