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Acantholumpenus mackayi  (Gilbert, 1896)

Pighead prickleback
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| Native range | All suitable habitat | PointMap | Year 2100 |
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Acantholumpenus mackayi   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Acantholumpenus mackayi (Pighead prickleback)
Acantholumpenus mackayi
Picture by Canadian Museum of Nature, Ottawa, Canada

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Stichaeidae (Pricklebacks) > Lumpeninae
Etymology: Acantholumpenus: Greek, akantha = thorn + Latin, lumpus = to look disagreable, 1545 (Cyclopterus lumpus) and Latin, lumpus = a uncouth-looking spiny fish of a leaden blue colour; 1545 (Ref. 45335).

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; brackish; demersal; depth range 0 - 200 m (Ref. 56557).   Polar

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 70.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 559); max. reported age: 12 years (Ref. 56557)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 68 - 76; Dorsal soft rays (total): 0; Anal spines: 2; Anal soft rays: 41 - 48. Caudal fin slightly grayish without dark bands; roof of oral cavity with a dark region (Ref. 559). Spines of pelvic and anal fins rigid and easily discernible from other soft rays (Ref. 559). Eye diameter less than snout length (Ref. 559).

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

North Pacific: Hokkaido, Japan to the Okhotsk and Bering seas. Arctic Ocean: Arctic coast of Canada.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Found over mud and sand bottoms to depths of about 56 meters; often in brackish waters (Ref. 51666). Benthic; feeds on worms, crustaceans, sea urchins and molluscs (Ref. 58426).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Robins, C.R., R.M. Bailey, C.E. Bond, J.R. Brooker, E.A. Lachner, R.N. Lea and W.B. Scott, 1991. Common and scientific names of fishes from the United States and Canada. Am. Fish. Soc. Spec. Pub. (20):183 p. (Ref. 3814)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | iSpecies | PubMed | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | uBio | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 1.0000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00244 - 0.04107), b=3.04 (2.81 - 3.27), based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.1   ±0.2 se; Based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Very Low, minimum population doubling time more than 14 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Moderate to high vulnerability (50 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.