Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Blenniidae
(Combtooth blennies) > Salariinae
Etymology: Ophioblennius: Greek, ophis = serpent + Greek, blennios = mucus (Ref. 45335).
Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 0 - 8 m (Ref. 26938). Tropical
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 19.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 27000)
Morphology | Morphometrics
(total): 12 - 13;
soft rays: 24. Head profile in front of eyes vertical; forehead projects in front of snout. Head, body and anal fin dark reddish brown, sometimes pale pinkish gray; lips and parts of pectoral and tail fins red (Ref. 26938).
Eastern Atlantic: oceanic islands and along the coast of west Africa from Senegal to Angola. Western Atlantic: Bermuda and North Carolina (USA) through the Caribbean to Brazil. Rare in northern Gulf of Mexico (Ref. 26938).
Ophioblennius larvae are frequently taken in deep water column (Ref. 5298). The adults are restricted to shallow waters and dwell among rocks and coral reefs (Ref. 5298); where there is considerable wave action (Ref. 26938). Bites very severely, with its two very long and sharp canine teeth (Ref. 3157). Feeds on filamentous algae (Ref. 13442). Oviparous (Ref. 205). Eggs are demersal and adhesive (Ref. 205).
Bath, H., 1990. Blenniidae. p. 905-915. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 2.
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)
Threat to humans
Traumatogenic (Ref. 3157)
Fisheries: of no interest; aquarium: commercial
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
CollaboratorsPicturesStamps, CoinsSoundsCiguateraSpeedSwim. typeGill areaOtolithsBrainsVision
Estimates of some properties based on empirical models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5312 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01107 (-0.15957 - 0.18170), b=2.97 (2.88 - 3.07), based on LWR estimates for this family-BS (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 2.0 ±0.0 se; Based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (30 of 100) .