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Decapterus russelli (Rüppell, 1830)

Indian scad
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Decapterus russelli
Picture by Randall, J.E.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Carangidae (Jacks and pompanos) > Caranginae
Etymology: Decapterus: Greek, deka = ten + Greek, pteron = wing, fin (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Rüppell.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Marine; benthopelagic; depth range 40 - 275 m (Ref. 12260).   Tropical; 40°N - 36°S, 18°E - 172°E

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Indo-West Pacific: East Africa to Japan, the Arafura Sea (Ref. 9819) and Australia. A Lessepsian migrant (Ref. 72453).

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm 16.1, range 14 - 24.5 cm
Max length : 45.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9987); common length : 30.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9987); max. published weight: 110.00 g (Ref. 4883)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 9; Dorsal soft rays (total): 28-31; Anal spines: 3; Anal soft rays: 25 - 28; Vertebrae: 24. Lateral line curved below soft dorsal and with 30-44 strong scutes; color bluish green above, silvery below; caudal fin hyaline to yellowish; dorsal fins hyaline basally, light dusky distally. Opercle with small, black spot; opercular membrane with smooth margin. Snout longer than eye diameter; squarish lower posterior edge of maxilla; upper jaw with small teeth anteriorly; soft dorsal and anal fins relatively low, not falcate; pectoral fin sub falcate. (Other source of data on morphology: Refs. 3131, 3197, 3287).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Adults dwell from middle to benthic (Ref. 11230), forming large schools in deep water, but occasionally inshore in sheltered bays in small to large groups (Ref. 48635). The most common Decapterus in coastal waters and on open banks of the Indian Ocean. They feed mainly on smaller planktonic invertebrates. Generally marketed fresh, may be dried or salted. Also sold frozen and canned (Ref. 9987).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Smith-Vaniz, William F. | Collaborators

Paxton, J.R., D.F. Hoese, G.R. Allen and J.E. Hanley, 1989. Pisces. Petromyzontidae to Carangidae. Zoological Catalogue of Australia, Vol. 7. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra, 665 p. (Ref. 7300)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)

  Least Concern (LC) ; Date assessed: 04 February 2009

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans


Human uses

Fisheries: highly commercial; bait: occasionally
FAO(fisheries: production, species profile; publication : search) | FishSource | Sea Around Us

More information

Common names
Spawning aggregation
Egg development
Aquaculture profile
Allele frequencies
Mass conversion
Stamps, Coins Misc.
Swim. type
Gill area


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Internet sources

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 16.8 - 27.4, mean 23.2 (based on 690 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5010   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01047 (0.00916 - 0.01197), b=2.96 (2.93 - 2.99), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.7   ±0.4 se; Based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (K=0.2-1.4; tm=3; Fec=20,000; tmax>3).
Prior r = 0.68, 95% CL = 0.45 - 1.03, Based on 16 stock assessments.
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (24 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Low.