Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Ephippidae
(Spadefishes, batfishes and scats)
Etymology: Chaetodipterus: Greek, chaite = hair + Greek, dipteros = with two fins (Ref. 45335).
Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 3 - 50 m (Ref. 37955). Subtropical; 33°N -
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 65.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 2850); common length : 25.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 55763)
Body very deep and compressed; head short, with a slopping, slightly concave profile; mouth small and terminal; snout blunt and not at all prominent; posterior end of jaw not surpassing anterior rim of eye; branchiostegal membranes joined to isthmus; dorsal fin spines well developed (Ref. 55763).
Eastern Pacific: San Diego, California, USA to Peru.
Found in inshore areas with sandy bottoms or coral reefs, forming small schools (Ref. 9299). Feeds on benthic invertebrates (Ref. 37955). Minimum depth reported from Ref. 2850.
Eschmeyer, W.N., E.S. Herald and H. Hammann, 1983. A field guide to Pacific coast fishes of North America. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, U.S.A. 336 p.
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
CollaboratorsPicturesStamps, CoinsSoundsCiguateraSpeedSwim. typeGill areaOtolithsBrainsVision
Estimates of some properties based on empirical models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.6250 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.02627 (-0.16051 - 0.21304), b=2.99 (2.89 - 3.10), based on LWR estimates for this family-BS (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.6 se; Based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (43 of 100) .