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Percina shumardi  (Girard, 1859)

River darter
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Percina shumardi
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Percidae (Perches) > Etheostomatinae
Etymology: Percina: Latin, diminutive of perch = perch (Ref. 45335);  shumardi: Named after the discoverer of the species, Dr. G. C. Shumard (Ref. 10294).

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; benthopelagic.   Temperate; 58°N - 29°N

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 7.8 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5723); common length : 5.5 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 12193); max. reported age: 3 years (Ref. 12193)

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

North America: Hudson Bay basin in Ontario and Manitoba in Canada, and North Dakota south in Great Lakes and Mississippi River basins to Louisiana in the USA; Gulf drainages from Mobile Bay in Alabama to Neches River in Texas, USA; isolated population in San Antonio Bay drainage in Texas.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Inhabit rocky riffles of small to large rivers (Ref. 5723, 10294). Adults usually occur in deep swift riffles while young in shallow riffles and runs (Ref. 5723).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Page, L.M. and B.M. Burr, 1991. A field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston. 432 p. (Ref. 5723)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

More information

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Internet sources

Alien/Invasive Species database | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | iSpecies | PubMed | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | uBio | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00389 (0.00180 - 0.00842), b=3.12 (2.94 - 3.30), based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.4   ±0.45 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (tmax=3).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (15 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.