Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Percidae
(Perches) > Etheostomatinae
Etymology: Etheostoma: Greek, etheo = to strain + Greek, stoma = mouth; Rafinesque said "various mouths", but Jordan and Evermann suggest the name might have been intended as "Heterostoma (Ref. 45335); spectabile: spectabile meaning conspicuous (Ref. 10294).
Environment / Climate / Range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Temperate; 4°C - 18°C (Ref. 2059); 43°N - 30°N
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 7.2 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5723); common length : 4.7 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 12193)
North America: Lake Erie and Mississippi River basins from southeastern Michigan and Ohio to eastern Wyoming, and south to Tennessee and northern Texas in the USA; Gulf drainages (Trinity River to San Antonio River) of Texas, mostly on Edwards Plateau.
Inhabit shallow gravel riffles, sometimes rocky runs and pools, of headwaters, creeks and small rivers (Ref. 5723); also found in streams (Ref. 10294). Adults feed on midge and blackfly larvae, mayfly nymphs, isopods, amphipods, and caddisfly larvae (Ref. 10294). Distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 36980). Eggs are found buried in the substrate (Ref. 7043).
Page, L.M. and B.M. Burr, 1991. A field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston. 432 p. (Ref. 5723)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
CollaboratorsPicturesStamps, CoinsSoundsCiguateraSpeedSwim. typeGill areaOtolithsBrainsVision
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.45 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Fec=50-2,070).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (15 of 100) .