Elassoma zonatum  Jordan, 1877

Banded pygmy sunfish
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Elassoma zonatum
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Elassomatidae (Pygmy sunfishes)
Etymology: Elassoma: Greek, elasson = smaller + Greek, soma = body (Ref. 45335).

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; demersal; pH range: 6.5 - 7.5; dH range: 10 - 20.   Temperate; 10°C - 25°C (Ref. 12468); 38°N - 29°N

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 4.7 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5723); common length : 3.5 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 12193); max. reported age: 3 years (Ref. 12193)

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions | Faunafri

North America: Lower Roanoke River drainage, North Carolina; south to middle parts of St. Johns River, Florida; west to Brazos River drainages, Texas; and north to lower Wabash River drainage, Indiana and Illinois, USA.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Occur in swamps, heavily vegetated sloughs and small sluggish streams, usually over mud (Ref. 10294, 58020). Oviparous, eggs are deposited in aquatic vegetation, preferably on strands of Ceratophyllum sp. When available (Ref. 58020). Feed on microcrustacea together with midge larvae, larger crustacea (isopods and amphipods), mayfly nymphs, and small snails and clams (Ref. 10294).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Page, L.M. and B.M. Burr, 1991. A field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston. 432 p.

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | iSpecies | PubMed | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | uBio | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on empirical models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5156   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01120 (0.00513 - 0.02445), b=3.04 (2.87 - 3.21), based on all LWR estimates for this BS (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.7   ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Fec=145).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.