Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Zeiformes
(Dories) > Zeidae
Etymology: Zenopsis: Particle zen, derived from zao = to give life + Greek, opsis = appearance; nebulosa: nebulosus meaning dark or clouded--a dark Zeus-like fish (Ref. 4525).
Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; benthopelagic; depth range 30 - 800 m (Ref. 27124), usually 50 - 600 m (Ref. 27114). Deep-water; 45°N - 47°S
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?, range 25 - 40 cm
Max length : 70.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9563); max. published weight: 3.0 kg (Ref. 27124); max. reported age: 45 years (Ref. 58312)
Indo-Pacific: Japan, northwest shelf of Australia to Broken Bay in New South Wales, New Zealand (Ref. 6390), and elsewhere in the region. Eastern Pacific: off central and southern California, USA (Ref. 2850); and on the seamounts of the Nazca Ridge in the Peru area (Ref. 27131).
Occur in deeper trawling grounds of the continental shelf and slope, close to the sea bed (Ref. 559). Caught by Japanese trawlers during winter (Ref. 559). Excellent food fish.
It is not known whether individuals undergo a single spawning or a series of spawnings over the winter months in southern Australia (Ref. 6390).
Allen, G.R. and R. Swainston, 1988. The marine fishes of north-western Australia: a field guide for anglers and divers. Western Australian Museum, Perth. 201 p. (Ref. 3132)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5781 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 4.0 ±0.65 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (K=0.20; tm=3; tmax=45; Fec=52,000).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High vulnerability (64 of 100) .