Fundulus olivaceus  (Storer, 1845)

Blackspotted topminnow
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Fundulus olivaceus
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Cyprinodontiformes (Rivulines, killifishes and live bearers) > Fundulidae (Topminnows and killifishes)
Etymology: Fundulus: Latin, fundus = bottom; a peculiar name for a topminnow, coined for a bottom species of Atlantic coast being "the abode of the fundulus mudfish" (Ref. 45335);  olivaceus: olivaceus meaning olive colored (Ref. 10294).

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; benthopelagic; non-migratory.   Temperate; 15°C - 25°C (Ref. 2059); 38°N - 29°N

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 8.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 27139); common length : 7.5 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 12193)

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

North America: Mississippi River basins from eastern Tennessee, western Kentucky, southern Illinois and central Missouri south to Gulf of Mexico (west to central Oklahoma) in the USA; Gulf Slope drainages from Chattahoochee River in Georgia to Galveston Bay in Texas, USA.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Inhabits near surface of quiet to flowing water, usually near margins of clear, sandy to gravelly headwaters, creeks and small rivers. 9.7 cm max TL (Ref. 5723). Feeds on terrestrial arthropods, aquatic insects, small crustaceans, and diatoms (Ref. 10294). Spawning occurs over gravel (Ref. 79012). Not a seasonal killifish. Is easy to maintain in the aquarium (Ref. 27139).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Costa, Wilson J.E.M. | Collaborators

Huber, J.H., 1996. Killi-Data 1996. Updated checklist of taxonomic names, collecting localities and bibliographic references of oviparous Cyprinodont fishes (Atherinomorpha, Pisces). Société Française d'Ichtyologie, Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris, France, 399 p. (Ref. 27139)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Aquarium: commercial
FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

More information

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FAO areas
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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | iSpecies | PubMed | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | uBio | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00244 - 0.04107), b=3.04 (2.81 - 3.27), based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.1   ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  .
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (12 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.