Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Zoarcidae
(Eelpouts) > Lycodinae
Etymology: Lycodes: Greek, lykos = wolf + Greek, suffix, oides = similar to (Ref. 45335).
Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; demersal; depth range 19 - 1750 m (Ref. 58426). Polar; -1°C - ? (Ref. 4695); 83°N - 41°N
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 26.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4695); common length : 18.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4695)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Vertebrae: 90 - 93. Pelvic fins small (Ref. 4695). Young with pale, yellowish-brown body, with 6-8 light and narrow cross bands which are more distinct on the dorsal fin; larger individuals lose the bands, becoming more or less uniformly colored (Ref. 4695).
Circumarctic (Ref. 11954). Northeast Atlantic: northeast Greenland, Jan Mayen Island, northern coasts of Iceland, Faroes-Shetland slope, northern part of Barents Sea, White Sea and around Spitsbergen. Northwest Atlantic: Arctic Canada to Labrador and Gulf of St. Lawrence; possibly to Cape Cod in Massachusetts, USA (Ref. 7251). Arctic Ocean: Kara Sea, western part of Laptev Sea, Beaufort Sea and Arctic Canada. Subspecies(?) Lycodes pallidus marisalbi in White Sea only (Ref. 4695).
Found on muddy bottoms (Ref. 4695). Benthic (Ref. 58426). Feeds mostly on endobenthic prey such as small bivalves, polychaetes and small crustaceans in addition to detritus. It seems to get the bulk of its food by burrowing in the sediment (Ref. 13532). Ripe females recorded in September in the Kara Sea (Ref. 4695). Minimum depth from Ref. 58018.
Anderson, M.E., 1994. Systematics and osteology of the Zoarcidae (Teleostei: Perciformes). Ichthyol. Bull. J.L.B. Smith Inst. Ichthyol. 60:120 p.
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
CollaboratorsPicturesStamps, CoinsSoundsCiguateraSpeedSwim. typeGill areaOtolithsBrainsVision
Estimates of some properties based on empirical models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00139 (-0.18389 - 0.18667), b=3.15 (3.04 - 3.26), based on LWR estimates for this family-BS (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.3 se; Based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (35 of 100) .