Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Ophidiiformes
(Cusk eels) > Bythitidae
(Viviparous brotulas) > Brosmophycinae
Etymology: Gunterichthys: Because of Albert C. L. G. Günther, German ichthyologist, 1830-1914 (Ref. 45335).
Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; brackish; demersal; depth range ? - 9 m (Ref. 34024). Subtropical; - 24°N
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 7.5 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 7251)
soft rays: 41 - 52;
Vertebrae: 38 - 40. Diagnosis: Blunt snout; small distinct eyes, 1.4-1.9% SL in adults; head naked, body covered with imbricate scales; interorbital in adults 5.6-7.7% SL; posterior infraorbital pores 2; rays in dorsal fin 60-71, anal 41-52, caudal 12-15; otolith with fused colliculi; sulcus small; 1 pair of pseudoclaspers with 2 almost equally long supporters (Ref. 55786).
Western Atlantic: northern Gulf of Mexico.
Burrows in soft mud bottoms at shallow depths (0.7-6 m) of quiet lagoons, backwaters and saline parts of estuaries (Ref. 7251, 55786). Reported to give birth to very few, about 15 mm long juveniles in each clutch; one female found to have four 5-8 mm long embryos and has a 3.2 mm bivalve in the intestine (Ref. 55786). Probably common where it occurs (Ref. 34024).
Nielsen, J.G., D.M. Cohen, D.F. Markle and C.R. Robins, 1999. Ophidiiform fishes of the world (Order Ophidiiformes). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of pearlfishes, cusk-eels, brotulas and other ophidiiform fishes known to date. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(18):178p. Rome: FAO.
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of no interest
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
CollaboratorsPicturesStamps, CoinsSoundsCiguateraSpeedSwim. typeGill areaOtolithsBrainsVision
Estimates of some properties based on empirical models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.6250 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01122 (0.00361 - 0.03483), b=3.02 (2.77 - 3.27), based on LWR estimates for this Subfamily-BS (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.2 ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Assuming Fec < 100).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (12 of 100) .