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Chologaster cornuta  Agassiz, 1853

Swampfish
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Percopsiformes (Trout-perches, pirate perches and cavef) > Amblyopsidae (Cavefishes)
Etymology: Chologaster: Greek, cholos, -e, -on = trough, kneading trough + Greek, gaster = stomach (Ref. 45335).

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; demersal.   Temperate, preferred ?; 38°N - 32°N

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

North America: Atlantic Coastal drainages from Virginia to Georgia, U.S.A.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 6.8 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5723); common length : 4.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 12193)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal soft rays (total): 9-12; Anal soft rays: 9 - 10. Strongly bicolored; dark brown above, white to yellow below. Small eyes. No pelvic fins. 3 narrow black stripes on side; one on lower side wide at front, narrow at rear. 2 black streaks along back before dorsal fin separate to encircle dorsal fin; pink gills visible. Caudal fin clear near base, often black in center; dusky black band in dorsal fin. 0-2 rows of papillae on caudal fin. 9-11 branched caudal rays.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Adults occur on vegetation and debris in swamps, sloughs and quiet pools and backwaters of streams. Found year-round in open streams which are small and well-shaded with temperatures never exceeding 23°C. In such streams, thigmotaxic tendency is shown by the difficulty in seining these individuals from the roots and debris of their preferred habitat along edges of submerged weed banks which border sand-bottomed channels. This habitat is rich in potential food for C. cornuta like amphipods, ostracods and copepods (Ref. 34868). Eggs are carried in gill chambers of females (Ref. 205).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Incubates eggs in gill chamber of females (Ref. 205).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Page, L.M. and B.M. Burr, 1991. A field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston. 432 p. (Ref. 5723)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 1.0088   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00389 (0.00180 - 0.00842), b=3.12 (2.94 - 3.30), based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.3   ±0.47 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (K=1.03; Fec=98).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (13 of 100) .