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Notropis stramineus  (Cope, 1865)

Sand shiner
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Image of Notropis stramineus (Sand shiner)
Notropis stramineus
Picture by The Native Fish Conservancy

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes (Carps) > Cyprinidae (Minnows or carps) > Leuciscinae
Etymology: Notropis: A misnomer given by Rafinesque to shriveled specimens, with the meaning of "back keel"; from Greek, noton = back (Ref. 45335);  stramineus: stramineus, of straw (referring to the pale amber body color) (Ref. 10294).

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; benthopelagic.   Temperate; 52°N - 29°N

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 8.2 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 10294); common length : 4.4 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 12193); max. reported age: 3 years (Ref. 12193)

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

North America: St. Lawrence-Great Lakes, Hudson Bay and Mississippi River basins from St. Lawrence River in Quebec to Saskatchewan in Canada, and south to Tennessee and Texas, USA; west to Montana, Wyoming, Colorado and New Mexico, USA; Trinity River to Rio Grande in Texas and New Mexico, USA and Mexico.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Inhabits sand and gravel runs and pools of creeks and small to large rivers (Ref. 3814, 10294). Also occurs in sandy margins of lakes. Usually found in clear creeks and small rivers and rarely in upland areas (Ref. 3814). Feeds on detritus, and small benthic and drifting invertebrates dominated by midge larvae and small mayfly nymphs (Ref. 10294).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Robins, C.R., R.M. Bailey, C.E. Bond, J.R. Brooker, E.A. Lachner, R.N. Lea and W.B. Scott, 1991. Common and scientific names of fishes from the United States and Canada. Am. Fish. Soc. Spec. Pub. (20):183 p. (Ref. 3814)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

More information

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Internet sources

Alien/Invasive Species database | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | iSpecies | PubMed | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | uBio | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00776 (0.00372 - 0.01620), b=3.15 (2.98 - 3.32), based on LWR estimates for this Subfamily-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  2.4   ±0.20 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (tmax=3).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (15 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.