Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Cyprinidae
(Minnows or carps) > Leuciscinae
Etymology: Cyprinella: Latin, cyprinus = carp (Ref. 45335); spiloptera: From the words spilos, meaning spot and pteron, meaning wing or fin (Ref. 10294).
Environment / Climate / Range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Temperate; 47°N - 34°N
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 12.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5723); common length : 7.7 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 12193); max. reported age: 5 years (Ref. 12193)
North America: Atlantic Slope from St. Lawrence drainage in Canada to Potomac River drainage in Virginia, USA; Great Lakes (except Lake Superior), Hudson Bay (Red River) and Mississippi River basins from Ontario, Canada and New York to North Dakota and south to Alabama and eastern Oklahoma; in Ozarks, USA.
Inhabit sand and gravel runs and pools of creeks, and small to medium (sometimes large) rivers (Ref. 5723, 10294). Adults feed on surface insects and aquatic immatures (Ref. 10294). Spawning season is from mid-June to mid-August. Eggs are deposited in crevices of rocks and logs and are defended by males (Ref. 27549).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Robins, C.R., R.M. Bailey, C.E. Bond, J.R. Brooker, E.A. Lachner, R.N. Lea and W.B. Scott, 1991. Common and scientific names of fishes from the United States and Canada. Am. Fish. Soc. Spec. Pub. (20):183 p. (Ref. 3814)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00871 (0.00414 - 0.01834), b=3.13 (2.96 - 3.30), based on LWR estimates for this Subfamily-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 2.8 ±0.1 se; Based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (tmax=5).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (28 of 100) .